Goliad, is one of the oldest cities in Texas. In 1749 Spanish explorers started a mission and fort. Goliad is also known for its part in the Texas Revolution. Col. James Fannin and 342 men were massacred after surrendering to the Mexican army at Goliad in 1836. The Mission Espiritu Santo was established in 1749 by Spanish Franciscans. Today it is a museum and campground. The Presido La Bahia or "Fort of the Bay" is located just south of the mission. The fort was built in 1749 by the Spanish as an inland coastal defense, which is something of an oxymoron. Today the fort is a National Historic Landmark, boasting a modest, well organized museum.